Facial Care

The Exact Skincare Routine You Need, Based on Your Skin Type

Understanding how skin care products affect your skin can involve a lot of trial and error.

Well, I have eliminated a lot of that trial and error by giving you the best advice on purchasing and using facial care products. Read on.

While it is necessary to know if your skin is oily, dry, combination, and sensitive skin, there are also other issues that affect your skin type (i.e. acne, sun damage, clogged pores, or a combination of these concerns).

Also, these skin type categories don’t take the degree of each skin type into consideration. Your true skin type can be quite complex as it can be dry to very dry, oily to very oily, or oily and dehydrated at the same time.

Knowing your skin type is extremely important as it is the deciding factor in choosing the types of products you should be using. The more you know about your skin type, the easier it will be to get your skin looking smooth and supple.

Know Your Skin Type

Who doesn't want great-looking skin? Start by knowing your skin type. Then you'll know how to take care of it.

  • Normal skin is neither dry nor oily. It feels supple and smooth. Normal skin has few imperfections, no severe sensitivity, barely visible pores and a radiant glow. It does not require as much care as other skin types, but you should still take steps to keep your face healthy.

  • Oily skin has large pores and a greasy or shiny complexion. People with oily skin are more susceptible to blackheads, pimples, and other blemishes which can stem from stress, overexposure to heat/humidity, or hormonal imbalances such as puberty.

  • Dry skin may feel tight or show flakes of dead skin. Dry skin can cause nearly-invisible pores and low face elasticity. You may have red patches, visible lines, and a rough, dull complexion. Genetics, hormones, exposure to the elements, overheating, or certain medications can all cause dry skin.

  • Combination skin is most common. Sometimes it is oily, sometimes it is dry, and sometimes it is perfectly healthy. Usually, combination skin is oily in the T-zone (across your forehead, and down the nose to your chin) and normal to dry elsewhere.

  • Sensitive skin may have red patches, ruffness or welts and may sting, burn, or itch after you use some makeup or other products.

How to Choose the Right Products for Your Skin Type

When you finally discover what your skin type really is you can make better decisions about the products you should be using. Although all skin types absolutely need the same essential skincare staples such as broad-spectrum sunscreens, antioxidants, skin-replenishing ingredients, and skin-restoring ingredients, the textures of those products need to be very different based on your skin type. Here’s how that works:

  • If you have oily skin, you should only be using products with a light fluid, liquid, thin lotion, or gel texture. Any other texture will make your skin feel oilier and risk clogging pores.

  • If you have dry skin, you should only be using products that have rich lotion, cream, or velvety serum textures.

  • If you have combination skin, you may need to use a mix of products for the dry and oily areas. For dry skin, you would need more emollient products and products with the lightest weight texture are for the oily areas—but can be layered beneath products for the dry areas.

  • Pick products which are formulated to be appropriate for those with sensitive skin. Taking gentle, beautiful care of your skin is your mission.

Regardless of the product type: moisturizer, toner, serum, booster or a targeted solution, the essential ingredients will be there. The texture is what differs based on your skin type.

Your Face Care Routine

Normal or Combination Skin

Your main goals: Pick products with dual functions as skin tends to be oily along the T-zone and dry on the cheeks.

Cleanser

Use a mild gentle nonsoap wash that won’t strip away too much oil but will still eradicate dirt and dead skin cells trapped in pores.

Day Lotion

A light, oil-free moisturizer with an SPF of 15 or higher is perfect for every area of your complexion.

Night Treatment

Creams with retinol or alpha hydroxy acids asist in unclogging pores and improving fine lines. “Apply sparingly where you see blemishes or creases.

Additional Treatments

Because the T-zone is prone to clogged pores and blackheads, apply an oil-absorbing clay mask to your forehead, nose, and chin once or twice a week.

Toners can be the perfect antidote to a shiny T-zone. Blot on as needed to nix greasy skin.

Oily Skin

Your main goals: Keep pores clear, and don’t overdry, but don’t forgo moisturizing products—just be sure they won’t cause blemishes.

Cleanser

Wash morning and night, preferably using a power brush. Purchase a power brush with pads infused with salicylic acid cleanser to stop breakouts.

Day Lotion

Although your skin might not require much extra moisture, it does need the protection of a broad-spectrum sunscreen year-round. Look for an oil-free lotion with SPF 15.

Night Treatment

Your main goals: Oily skin is hardy and can tolerate potent ingredients. Use a retinol night cream to dry up sebum and firm skin.

Additional Treatments

Spot-treat blemishes with a gel or a lotion that contains salicylic acid as it will absorb surface oil and help pimples heal faster.

Anti-dandruff shampoo kills oil-stimulating yeast on the scalp. It can also slow sebum production on your face.

Dry Skin

Your main goals: Add as much moisture as possible, since your skin doesn’t produce enough oil. Also, work to repair age-related damage (wrinkles, discoloration).

Cleanser

Smooth a rich, creamy formula on a wet washcloth to exfoliate gently. If your skin is extremely dry, cleanse only at night. In the morning, just splash your face with warm water.

Day Lotion

To stave off wrinkles and spots, apply a cream with a humectant, like ceramides, plus sunscreen daily.

Night Treatment

Use topical retinoids to plump wrinkles and even out tone. Because they can be drying, start slowly with two nights a week, then gradually add a night.

Additional Treatments

Even with a moisture-packed regimen, this skin type loses water so use a weekly hydrating mask that you remove with a washcloth.

Additional Treatments

Use silicone scar-treatment strips on serious wrinkles. Stick the reusable strip onto the offending line nightly and eventually it will help smooth the crease.

Sensitive Skin

Your main goals:If your skin is easily irritated, pick products that contain few ingredients, are fragrance-free, and offer soothing hydration.

Cleanser

Do not use irritants, such as glycolic and alpha hydroxy acids. Use a cleanser with calming botanicals, like feverfew and oatmeal. To avoid overdrying, wash only in the evening.

Day Lotion

Choose a moisturizer with sun-blocking minerals, like titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Night Treatment

Opt for a cream with antioxidants, like green tea and pomegranate as they gently repair signs of aging.

Additional Treatments

An antioxidant serum mixed with day cream will give you anti-aging benefits and provide extra moisture.

Facial mists are ideally suited to sensitive skin. Spritz on when skin feels tight, dry, or itchy.

Le Couvent des Minimes
June Jacobs Anti-Aging Blemish Control Lotion
$75.00 USD
Rejuvenique Essential Enhancements
$3.43 USD
Anti-Wrinkle Eye Cream
$10.17 USD
Antiox Serum
$37.00 USD
INTENSIVE Organic Cream Eye Treatment
$38.00 USD